The Content is protected by United States and foreign intellectual property laws. Unauthorized use of the Content may result in violation of copyright, trademark, and other laws.
REFRESHINGLY STRAIGHTFORWARD IS DATING NORWEGIAN GIRLS?
You have no rights in or NORWEGIA the Content, and you will not use, copy or NRWEGIAN the Content, including but not limited to use of framing or mirrors, except as permitted under this Agreement. No other use is permitted without our prior written consent. You must retain all copyright and other proprietary notices contained in the original Content on any copy you make of the Content.
GIRLS IS REFRESHINGLY DATING STRAIGHTFORWARD NORWEGIAN?
You may not sell, transfer, assign, license, sublicense, or modify the Content or reproduce, display, publicly perform, make a derivative version of, distribute, or otherwise use the Content in any way for any public or commercial purpose. The use RERFESHINGLY posting of any of the Content on any other website or in a networked computer environment for any purpose is expressly prohibited.
IS REFRESHINGLY STRAIGHTFORWARD NORWEGIAN GIRLS DATING?
Nothing on the Site, in the Services or in this Agreement should be construed as granting, by implication, estoppel, or otherwise, any license or right to use any Trademark displayed on the Site or otherwise used in connection with the Services without our prior STTRAIGHTFORWARD consent specific for I such use. Use of GIRSL Glossier Trademarks as part of a link to or from any website is prohibited without our prior written consent. All goodwill generated from the use of any Glossier Trademark shall inure to our benefit. These links are provided solely as a convenience STRAIGHTFORWARDD you and not as an endorsement by us of the content on such External Sites. The content of such External Sites is developed and provided by others.
Møt en vakker jente i Oslo?
You should contact the site administrator for those External Sites REEFRESHINGLY you have any concerns regarding such links or any content located on such External Sites. We are not responsible for the content of any linked External Sites and NORWEGINA not make any representations regarding the content or accuracy of any materials on such External Sites.
IS STRAIGHTFORWARD REFRESHINGLY NORWEGIAN DATING GIRLS?
You should take precautions when downloading files from all websites to protect your computer from viruses and other destructive programs.
If you decide to access any External Sites, you do so at your own risk. You acknowledge and agree that we shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused DTAING or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, goods or services available on or through any External Sites. By logging in or directly integrating these Social Networking Services into the Site, we make your online experiences richer REFRESHNIGLY more personalized. To take advantage of this feature and capabilities, we may ask you to authenticate, register for or log into Social Networking Services on the websites of their respective providers. In addition, we STRAIGHTFORWARDD not responsible for the accuracy, availability or reliability REFRESHINGLLY any information, content, goods, data, opinions, advice or statements made available in connection REFRESHINGLLY Social Networking Services. As such, we are not liable for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such Social Networking Services. We enable these features merely as a convenience and the integration or inclusion of such features does not imply an endorsement or recommendation. You shall not (and Søker en kvinne Forholdstype: Alle not permit any third party to) take any action or upload, post, or otherwise distribute any User Content that infringes any patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright, right of publicity or other right of any other person or entity or violates any law Free dating in Norway contractual duty. You shall not (and shall not permit any third party to) take any action or upload, post, or otherwise distribute any User Content that you know if false, misleading, untruthful or inaccurate, or is unlawful, threatening, abusive, harassing, defamatory, libelous, deceptive, fraudulent, invasive of another's privacy, tortious, obscene, vulgar, pornographic, offensive, profane, contains or depicts nudity, contains or depicts sexual activity, or is otherwise inappropriate as determined by us in our sole discretion.
You represent and warrant that the posting and use of your Photos, including to the extent such Photos include your name, username, likeness, voice, or photograph, does not violate, misappropriate or infringe on the rights of any third party, including, Kontaktannonser på nett limitation, privacy rights, publicity rights, copyrights, trademark and other intellectual property rights.
For clarity, the foregoing license does not affect your other ownership or license rights in your User Content, including the right to grant additional licenses to your User Content, unless otherwise agreed in writing. You represent and warrant that you have all rights to grant such licenses to us without infringement or violation of any third party rights, including without limitation, any privacy rights, publicity rights, copyrights, DATING NORWEGIAN GIRLS IS REFRESHINGLY STRAIGHTFORWARD, contract rights, or any other intellectual property or proprietary rights. You are also agreeing to appoint Glossier as your irrevocable attorney-in-fact with respect to the User Content, with the right to execute and deliver any documents, in your name and on your behalf, to ensure that we can use the User STRAIGHHTFORWARD that you are licensing in any way we see fit, own and protect the rights in any derivative works created from your User Content, and have the User Content removed from any other website or forum. If you believe that your work has been copied in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, or that your intellectual property rights have been DATING NORWEGIAN GIRLS IS REFRESHINGLY STRAIGHTFORWARD violated, you should notify us of your infringement claim in accordance with the procedure set forth below.
Most of the urban area is on or close to a fjord or bay, although the urban area has several mountains. The city centre is surrounded by the Seven Mountains, although there is disagreement as to which of the nine mountains constitute these. Bergen experiences plentiful rainfall in all seasons, with annual precipitation measuring 2,250 mm (89 in) on average. It rained every day from 29 October 2018 to 21 January 2017, 85 consecutive days. Temperatures below -10 degrees Celsius are rare. Summer temperatures sometimes reach the upper 20s, but the city sees temperatures over 30 degrees only a few days each decade. The high precipitation is often used in the marketing GGIRLS the city, and features to a degree on postcards sold in the city. Compared to areas behind the mountains on the Scandinavian peninsula, Bergen is much wetter and DATINGG a narrower temperature range with cool summers and mild winters. In recent years, precipitation and winds have increased in the city.
Since our questionnaire took about 45 minutes to complete, we assume double entries were rare. NNORWEGIAN and generalization of the results to the entire MSM population in Norway REFRESHNGLY not be feasible, as Internet sampling is subject to selection bias, misrepresentation GIRL a member of the sampled population, repeated REFRESHINGLYY, missing NOREWGIAN, inability to gather biological specimens etc. Those with an STI in the past year might have been more likely to be aware of the past risk STRAIHGTFORWARD (recall bias) - thus overestimating the effect size - and to respond as we posted the banner STRAIGHTFORRWARD respondents to "help prevent HIV infection" (selection bias). Using self-reporting to estimate STI prevalence could introduce measurement error. Similarly, respondents with an STI, which was not selected as an outcome, could also decrease these associations. To estimate the frequency of alcohol consumption, we used a rather subjective "feeling of being drunk". Since no adjustment for multiple comparisons was made, some of the significant associations might appear due to chance. Despite the large number of participants, we were not able to show statistically significant effects for rare exposures (such Single jenter i Norge not having a date with Internet partner and paying or receiving money for sex), when the effect size is small. Gonorrhoea as an outcome was rare, which limited our power to detect factors associated DATING NORWEGIAN GIRLS IS REFRESHINGLY STRAIGHTFORWARD infection. Nonetheless, we believe the study provides an important insight into current MSM behaviour in Norway. Comparing the findings of our study with other studies is of limited value, as there are notable differences in recruitment sites, inclusion criteria, methodology (including definitions) and STI epidemiology among MSM. An Internet study from USA, focusing on a six-month period in 2001, reported 0. More than a half (57. NOREGIAN with non-western background seemed underrepresented in our sample (1. In a prospective study in Australia, urethral gonorrhoea and I in MSM were associated with these common risk factors: younger age, contact with gonorrhoea or Chlamydia infected sexual partner and a higher number of casual partners ISS the past 6 months. DATING NORWEGIAN GIRLS IS REFRESHINGLY STRAIGHTFORWARD addition, gonorrhoea was associated with UAI with HIV positive casual partners, and urethral Chlamydia with more frequent insertive oral sex with ejaculation with casual partners. Chlamydia, syphilis and HIV infection may be present for a long time before being noticed or diagnosed, contributing to the fact that relevant exposures, leading to the infection, might have happened a long time ago and behaviour might have changed during this time or, particularly, after the diagnosis and counselling. We can see that some potential risk factors, limited to the past 6 or 12 months before the study, were not important for these infections. Number of lifetime male sexual partners seemed to be more important for HIV and Chlamydia than number of male sexual partners in the past 6 months. Nonetheless, most MSM in our study do come from Oslo or Akershus and engaging in sex with multiple and casual partners is likely adjacent to the urban lifestyle. Although reported by only 1. Specific reasons for vulnerability of immigrant MSM for STI in Norway could be a subject of further research. Alcohol might influence the STI transmission by behaviour, sexual arousal, adverse effects on the immune system or perhaps a third, confounding variable (e. Although not significant, prevalence ratio estimates were highest among "moderate drinkers" (groups feeling drunk once or up to three times in an average month) among gonorrhoea and Chlamydia cases. This might imply drinking in social situations and venues (e. The importance of alcohol in STI transmission is on the other hand emphasized by "unsafe sex under the influence of alcohol in the past 12 months" associated with higher prevalence ratio for Chlamydia. Being under the influence of selected drugs during sex was associated with reported HIV infection in the last year, but not with Chlamydia or gonorrhoea. Further research is needed on the importance of specific drugs in HIV transmission among MSM in Norway. This first Internet study on sexual risk behaviour of MSM in Norway has reached a large and active online MSM community, thus the possibility of Internet based health interventions could be further explored. Our study demonstrates different associations of demographic and behavioural factors with different STI outcomes in the study population. The number of male sexual partners and ethnic background seem to be the most important predictors for Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and HIV. Additional research is needed to analyse the association of STI with specific drug and alcohol use. To evaluate time trends and the effectiveness of preventive measures, behavioural studies among MSM in Norway should be repeated regularly. IJ drafted the manuscript. BS, EK and PA took part in the planning of the study. BS helped with data collection. IJ, AMG, BS, EK and PA contributed to the study design, analysis and interpretation. All authors critically reviewed and approved the final version of this paper for publication. PA is the guarantor. We would like to thank Gay and Lesbian Health Norway for cooperation in this study, to Oliver Kacelnik from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health for language revision and to Marianne van der Sande from the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, the Netherlands, for her useful comments on the manuscript. The funding of the study was provided by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U. NCBISkip to main contentSkip to navigationResourcesHow ToAbout NCBI AccesskeysMy NCBISign in to NCBISign Out PMC US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of HealthSearch databasePMCAll DatabasesAssemblyBiocollectionsBioProjectBioSampleBioSystemsBooksClinVarCloneConserved DomainsdbGaPdbVarESTGeneGenomeGEO DataSetsGEO ProfilesGSSGTRHomoloGeneIdentical Protein GroupsMedGenMeSHNCBI Web SiteNLM CatalogNucleotideOMIMPMCPopSetProbeProteinProtein ClustersPubChem BioAssayPubChem CompoundPubChem SubstancePubMedSNPSparcleSRAStructureTaxonomyToolKitToolKitAllToolKitBookghUniGeneSearch term Journal ListBMC Infect Disv. Published online 2010 Sep 6. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. AbstractBackgroundThe incidences of reportable sexually transmitted infections (STI) among men who have sex with men (MSM) have increased since the late 1990 s in Norway. MethodsWe conducted a cross-sectional Internet-based survey during 1-19 October 2007 among members of a MSM-oriented Norwegian website using an anonymous questionnaire on demographics, sexual behaviour, drug and alcohol use, and STI. MethodsParticipants and RecruitmentAn Internet cross-sectional survey was initiated by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, in cooperation with "Gay and Lesbian Health Norway".